Browsing: Mood Disorders

Sleep Panic Attacks – Is This Possible?

Getting quality sleep is the best stress reliever for our body, and it is actually the time when we are at our most relaxed state. So is it really possible to have panic attacks during our sleep? Yes, it is very possible! You may suddenly wake up with a rapid heartbeat and racing pulse, you may feel confused, disoriented, anxious, and disconnected from reality. Other symptoms are grinding the teeth, head pain and a feeling of pressure in the ears. Read on to find out what you need to know about this kind of attacks.

About half of people who experience panic attacks during the day experience nocturnal panic attacks. A person may suddenly wake up with a rapid heartbeat and racing pulse, the individual may feel confused, disoriented, anxious, and disconnected from reality. Other symptoms are grinding the teeth, head pain and a feeling of pressure in the ears. Even though these attacks are rare (only about 10% occurrence), people who experience these find it more frightening than those that occur during the day. People who experience nighttime attacks begin to fear going to sleep. They fear that they might become comatose or worse, that they might never wake up again. These may develop into insomnia, and other sleeping problems, thus actually making the person become more susceptible to more panic attacks.

The exact causes for panic or anxiety attacks at night are not known. One cause of these kinds of attacks includes the increase of carbon dioxide in the body during sleep (false suffocation alarm) which may trigger our body's panic response. Another possible cause is that attacks are triggered during changes in the sleep cycle, such as when an individual moves into a defect stage of sleep. But one thing the experts agree on is that this kind of attacks is not caused by dreams. Studies have shown that these attacks occurred during the early stages of sleep before the person begins to dream. Nightmares, on the other hand, occurs during the REM (rapid eye movement) phase or the dream phase. There is another type of disorder, more common among children, which manifests in symptoms very much like panic or anxiety attacks, but this kind of sleeping disorder occurs during deep phases of sleep. Sleep panic attacks are primarily influenced by the events during the daytime. Consumption of alcohol, drugs, depression, and stress, may also influence these.

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Low Self-Esteem

People do not like me or do not care about me, I'm not smart enough, I'm too fat, I'm not good looking, I'm not good at that, I can not get up in front of people to speak, etc., etc. …. These are the kind of things that refer to people with low self-esteem, right? That is what most people probably think but there are those that are outgoing, successful, attractive, who have lots of friends and typically seem to have it all together, but still may feel or make a comment like the ones I mentioned. So would you say they have low self-esteem?

What is low-self-esteem anyway? Is it just lack of confidence in your abilities? That does not explain the person who is good at everything but is happy with their appearance. Is it the lack of social interaction skills, because some people are the life of the party but will not get up and speak in front of a crowd. People have been labeled as having low-self-esteem who are just shy or very reserved. I do not think you can say someone has low self-esteem just because they feel inadequate in some area of ‚Äč‚Äčtheir life. They just need to work on that issue to give them the confidence or skills or the right mindset or physical improvement so they can have joy and peace with themselves and not worry about what anyone else thinks about them. Then they will be labeled as having high-self-esteem and everyone will think they are arrogant and full of themselves! Just Kidding! The truth is they will feel better about themselves and live better lives.

In the case of someone saying negative things about themselves all the time or not living life because of thoughts like those mentioned then it might be more serious problem like depression in which case they need to see their doctor to get help to over it.

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Facts About Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder affects the brain of an individual by initiating unusual change in moods, activity levels and energy. The disorder is very dangerous as extreme cases can result in job loss, poor school performance, damaged relationships and suicide. Luckily, the condition can be reversed to produce a productive individual again. The effectiveness of the healing process will depend on the stage of the disorder. Advanced stages are harder to control than the early stages of the disorder. Therefore, to shed more lime light to the disorder and enable early treatment this article will outline a few facts about bipolar disorder.

One of the facts about bipolar disorder is that it affects approximately 2% of the US population. About 0.4% to 1.2% of the children population sufferers from this disorder. A higher percentage is observed in a population monitoring individuals aged between 18 and 24 years. This disorder adversely affects the young generation because they develop aggressive attitudes and behaviors in retaliation. Adolescents face rapid cycles of mood swings through the day as opposed to adults that experience slower bouts of mood swings in a day.

On the other hand, women are at a higher risk of developing the disorder than men. However, this does not exonerate men from developing the disorder. In fact, the development of the disorder is largely associated to genetic factors. For instance, if both or one parents of an individual had mood disorder then the probability of an individual suffering from the bipolar disorder is very high. Also, there is a 70% probability that a child or close relative of the person suffering from bipolar disorder will suffer from depression or the bipolar disorder. However, it is important to note that the bipolar disorder can affect anyone regardless of their ethnicity, culture, religion or race.

The other facts about bipolar disorder include an increased rate of misdiagnosis. Most individuals, including doctors confuse bipolar disorder with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This can result in grave situations such as individuals experiencing maniac episodes due to prescription of the wrong type of treatment.

One of the facts about bipolar disorder is that delayed efforts of diagnosing and treating the disorder can result in self-treatment – individuals turn to alcohol and drug abuse. This acts as a solace and as a means of controlling the disease thereby subjecting themselves to adverse situations. This can be very serious problem because individuals can easily harm themselves during this time as well as drive away all family and friends who do not understand what is happening.

On the positive side, when the disorder is treated individuals have an opportunity of living a happy and successful life once again. However, dedication and effort from both the physician and patient are required for a complete and fast relief of the disorder.

For effective results the patients are at times referred to psychiatrists to enable them become optimistic and have a more positive attitude towards life. They become to understand their condition can be appreciated and they can live a normal life in they stay on their medication and follow the doctor's instructions.

While treating the disease it is important to remember that there are different kinds of bipolar disorders including Bipolar I and II, Mixed Bipolar, Rapid Cycling and Cyclothymia. Each of these phases but be treated differently.

Armed with the knowledge of these facts about bipolar disorder it will hopefully make it easier to detect this serious medical problem in its early stages and deal with it appropriately.

Our website has a vast amount of information on bipolar and we are constantly adding more. Feel free to bookmark us for further reference.

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Don’t Let Panic Attacks Stop You

Studies have shown that more and more people today are experiencing panic attacks due to the ever-increasing demands in our lives. These attacks can come suddenly, and may have no obvious triggers. What if you suddenly have an attack in the middle of a big client presentation? This may greatly affect your career; therefore, it's very important to get ahead of panic attacks.

It is said that having a panic or anxiety attack is one of the most intensely frightening, upsetting and uncomfortable experiences in a person's life. The symptoms of a panic attack generally last for about 30 minutes, although the attack itself may only be 15 seconds long. Some attacks can last for much longer, even hours. Some of its symptoms are palpitations or accelerated heart rate, trembling or shaking, blurry vision, shortness of breath, feeling of choking, abdominal stress, chest pains, and weakness in the knees. For most people, the feelings of panic occurs only occasionally during periods of stress or illness. A person who experiences recurring attacks is said to have panic disorder, which is a type of anxiety disorder. They generally have recurrent and unexpected panic attacks and persistent fear of repeated attacks.

There are a lot of causes of panic or anxiety attacks. Some people may be more prone to it than others, as studies suggest that having this condition is hereditary. Some people under specific kinds of medication are also known to have these attacks as side effects. Studies have also shown that significant life changes, like losing or getting a new job, having a baby, moving to another city, or getting married, are also related to these kind of attacks.

Therapy is one of the leading treatments of panic attacks. It is very important to know what you are suffering from. It is also important to rule out any other medical condition that may have the same symptoms, so a thorough check with your doctor may be necessary. When it is recognized that you are indeed suffering from panic attacks, you may then start on self-help techniques that will help you stop your attacks. For example, when you feel your heart start to race and an attack may be about to happen, sit down and try to relax. Worrying that another attack is coming would only increase your risk of having one. So the best thing to do would be to take deep breaths and remind yourself that you are in control of the situation.

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Using Drugs To Treat Bipolar Disorder In Children

Diagnosing bipolar disorder in children is difficult. Specifically because there are no definitive physical signs that indicate bipolar disorder.

There is also no specific test that your doctor can give to a child to determine if he is suffering from the disease. As far as testing is concerned, the best that he can do is to test for other diseases for which there are tests, and rule those diseases out, one by one, until bipolar disorder remains as the most likely cause of the child's mood swings.

In addition, to help with his diagnosis, the doctor will want to have a detailed history of any kinds of mental problems in your family such as depression, suicides, and so on. Unfortunately, getting a diagnosis for your child may be a long and drawn out process. Unfortunately, at the present time, bipolar disorder has no cure, only treatments. So if your child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the doctor can then recommend certain types of treatments.

In most cases, when an adult is treated for the disease, prescribed medications are at the top of the list in preferred treatments. With children, however, you have to be extremely careful when recommend powerful drugs. For one thing, your child's body is still developing and you do not want to interfere with that process by exposing him to ill advised drugs.

Secondly, although most of the prescribed drugs have been tested to a certain extent on adults, practically none of them have been tested extensively on children. And, finally, many of these drugs have side effects, such as weight gain or other more serious effects, that are not good for your kid.

So, when giving your kid drugs, the best approach is to work closely with your doctor to limit the amount of medication that you are giving to your child as well as monitoring the effects of the drugs on his body. And, once your child is on medication, never stop giving him the medication without your doctor's approval. Some drugs have powerful withdrawal symptoms which can trigger even worse bipolar disorder reactions in your kid.

In addition to prescribed medications, in many cases, therapy may be advised as well. Therapy will not cure the disease, but it can make it more manageable for the child. Therapy may involve the rest of the family as well. It can greatly help them in learning how to deal, as a group, with the disease and generally make life better for everyone in the family.

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Are Drugs an Effective Cure for Panic Attacks?

Panic or anxiety attacks can occur anytime and wherever – when you are driving to school, in the middle of an important client meeting, or even when you are sleep. It may last for as short as a couple of seconds to as long as 30 minutes. However, these attacks can be pretty scary, and it can greatly affect your life. A person who suffered an attack may be in constant fear of having another attack, therefore increasing his or her risk of an actual attack. It can develop into panic disorder if the person suffers an attack more often, and if it's not appreciated as soon as possible. It is therefore very important to learn about the problem and the effective cures to stop your panic attacks.

One of the ways in controlling panic or anxiety attacks is through medication. Usually a therapist will recommend some specific drugs to go with therapy sessions. There are disadvantages to undergoing medication for panic attacks, first of which is, a person can become dependent on the drug and will not be able to function properly without it. Drugs can also be expensive, and you do not want to include drugs in your budget forever. Drugs can offer an almost immediate solution to panic attacks; however, drugs do not actually cure the root cause of the problem.

Fortunately, there are now a lot of available more natural cures for panic attacks not involving medication. Of course, it helps to know exactly what it is you're suffering from, so a visit to your doctor or therapist is a great first step to identifying the problem. The next step is to change your lifestyle. Studies have shown that sugar, caffeine, and nicotine can increase your risk of having a panic attack. Of course, it's understandable that you can not just quit smoking or drinking coffee all of a sudden. Cut back your intake of these substitutes in your own pace, and maintain a balanced diet. Another important thing to remember is to get as much quality sleep as you can. It is during our sleep that our body gets restored. Not getting enough sleep can make us irritable, and increase our stress levels.

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Conquer Panic Attacks – Some Facts and Different Approaches

The first step for finding an effective way to conquer panic attacks is to understand as much about them as possible.

Stated in simple terms, extreme levels of anxiety is what brings about panic attacks, with all sorts of disturbing thoughts, unreasonable feelings and the overall sensation that something terrible could happen to you any moment. In others words, you lose the mental clarity and balance that otherwise you normally have in your life, and because of that you sort of lose control of yourself.

And that's the scariest part because, on top of all the other bad elements associated with it, sometimes the episode is so intense it might lead you to think that your life is in imminent danger. That usually happens as a result of the heartbeat rate being so high that it could make it look like you're having a heart attack, although you're not.

Neverheless, the truth is, that's just like a movie playing only in your mind and like any movie it'll come to an end. In real life, panic attacks by themselves can not harm you. They're just like a wave that comes and goes, and then things get back to normal.

The Next Step

People looking for ways to conquer panic attacks in their lives find some options being offered out there. Such options have brought some help to a number of people, while in other cases the output was only limited improvement and in many instances no progress at all.

An example is the “breathing” technique which aim is to help you relax and regain your self-control by taking deep breaths and thinking about things that could have a calming effect on you. That indeed gives a certain measure of momentary help in fighting an attack. On the other hand, it is a palliative tool, not a definitive solution for the condition.

Another option are drugs of different types that bring some degree of relief from the symptoms. The downside of them is that frequently their use winds up stretching to a prolonged period of time and many people do not really feel comfortable with that because of the risk of falling victims of dependence. There are often times undesirable side effects too.

And then there is this fairly new approach developed a while ago which relates to a method known as “The One Move Technique.” That method encourages people to face the attack rather than running away from it, usually get accustomed to it until they can change the way they react, and then finally gain control over it. At that point the person will be in an advantageous position to conquer panic attacks in his or her life because when they acquire the knowledge of how to change their reaction to the episodes, they will be able to change the ultimate exit of the whole process.

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Stop Panic Attacks – Take Control!

The very first time you experience a panic attack may be very frightening. Because of some of its symptoms like a sudden increase in heart rate or palpitations, chest pains, sweating, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, difficulty breathing, hyperventilation, vomiting, and sensations of choking or smothering, a lot of people who experience it for the first time fear that they might be experiencing a heart attack and may end up in the hospital. But no need to worry, just read on and you'll find out that panic attacks, though very scary, are also highly treatable.

There are a lot of known causes for panic or anxiety attacks. Some studies show genealogy is a factor. Some attacks are also attributed as side effects to certain medication. Major life changing events like losing a job or having an accident may also cause a person to experience these attacks. Repeated and apparently unprovoked panic attacks may be a sign of panic disorder, but panic attacks are associated with other anxiety disorders as well. Therefore it's very important to know exactly what you're going through. Usually the first step in therapy is understanding what panic or anxiety attacks are exactly. Once you can be sure that it is indeed panic attacks you're suffering and not any other medical condition, you can then take the first steps in controlling and extremely eliminating the problem.

Be honest to yourself and accept that this is a problem that you need to take care of. Then, start reviewing what's going on with your life and ask yourself questions like; have you recently been more irritable at home, or is there added pressure at work that you've been faced with? By doing so, you can determine what may have been going on when you started experiencing the attacks.

Take control. When you know yourself a little bit better, you can more or less make sense of what your body is telling you. As soon as you feel the sunset of an attack, tell yourself to calm down, take a seat, close your eyes, and listen to your favorite music. It is also very important to practice relaxing and clearing your mind. Thinking so much about when you're going to have an attack can make you very frightened all the time, and will greatly increase your risk of actually having one. Practicing breathing techniques can help your body relax as well.

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Natural Ways to Feel Motivated

All of us go through changes in life and it's not always easy on our emotional health, but there are things you can do to get back on track. The best news is that you do not have to take prescription medications to achieve an uplifting natural motivation in your life's journey.

Motivation is influenced by internal and external factors which bring along with it the desire to become energized and eager to achieve goals and other important tasks that appeal to you. The external factors such as family, friends, and your job and life experiences can be changed or adapted to, but if you can not physically find the ways to feel motivated and you have symptoms like poor memory or concentration it most likely is your brain's chemistry holding your back.

If your serotonin and hormonal levels are low, an imbalance can cause hopelessness, insomnia and other symptoms which will do nothing for your confidence or self esteem, leaving you less and less motivated as the imbalance become more pronounced.

Yes your doctor can prescribe prescription medications to help, but these are addictive with many side effects and they do not contribute to the whole body approach or the philosophy that your body has the ability to heal itself. Herbal formulas can and do have many therapeutic applications and one is balancing your brain chemistry. Did you know that prescription drugs for this purpose actually do increase serotonin levels, but they are chemically produced and do nothing for your total body health?

Let's face it, there is no magic bullet for anything, but if you combine these long known centuries' remedies with a few lifestyle changes, like eating a plant based diet along with exercise and getting enough sleep, you will find your natural motivation and emotional health returning once again.

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Loneliness And Depression – You Can Overcome It

Depression is a sad thing, no doubt, it can create alienation among family and friends, subsequently loneliness for the person suffering. Loneliness and depression are not uncommon; there are many people that suffer from this ugly disease. Many do not talk about it, in which case the cause does not get pursued and the problem does not get solved.

Depression alone is a dismal situation, add loneliness to that and it just multiplies the feelings and it looks everything is beyond your control. There are many solutions but people just do not want to talk about it. Talking is good. It releases those fears and gives an opening for help. There is a lot of help if you were to just look around and get closer to those you care about.

To conquer the loneliness and depression is a big step towards recovery and back to living a life you once knew – happy, involved and close to family and friends. Your depression worries those care even if you do not realize it, probably because you are caught up in that dismal world of black and white. Dig into your mind; find what is causing this downward spiral that you are spinning in. If you can find the cause then you can cure it.

If it makes you feel better not to talk about it at the beginning, write down all those sad thoughts and things that make you feel that way, you'll find getting that stuff out of your system, even down on paper makes a difference and it may not be as bad as you thought. It is like your pet shedding unwanted hair, it is a relief to get it out of the way. Once you have that out of the way, then you can feel better about talking. The people that care about you will not turn away, they will want you back.

The first step, and it can be a big one, is to free your mind of whatever is coaxing it into loneliness and depression. This is probably the largest hurdle to overcome, the very beginning, the initial move to getting your life into some semblance of normal order. You will notice the difference in those close to you as your condition improvements, as you participate more in family events. Find your friends again, go on a trip, something new somewhere different. Loneliness and depression does not have to rule your life, if you look around and compare that which has a hold on you and what difference it would make if that was gone, you will most certainly want to make a move to recovering and banishing that dark abyss from your soul returning to well being.

Nobody enjoys going through life with these feelings, feelings that entice you into a solitary world of nothing but misery. There is help, no matter what. Begin by getting together with your family, talking with your family allows them to come into your sunken state and helps them pull you back. See it as being rescued from that gloomy world. The more time you spend alone, the deer that hole becomes. It is something you must be strong about, determined, yes, you want to be happy so go to it, start today.

As an added note, if your depression has gotten deep enough you have thought about suicide you should go to your doctor immediately. There are medications that can put you back on the right track. You just need a little help to get there. Do not think about just yourself, but those you love you and want to have you in their life.

Our website has a large volume of interesting and helpful articles relating depression and headaches and we are constantly adding others.

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Identifying the Signs and Symptoms of Panic Attacks

You get a break at work, and all you have to do is present your groundbreaking idea in front of senior management. Sounds easy, right? But when you get up in front of everyone, you start trembling, sweating, you can not speak or move and you feel your heart pounding. You may have just experienced a panic attack.
Panic attacks can be very terrifying, especially for people who experience it for the first time. But it's very important to know that these are highly treatable.

A panic attack is an episode of sudden and intense fear and apprehension. Some of its symptoms may be palpitations or accelerated heart rate, trembling or shaking, blurry vision, shortness of breath, feeling of choking, abdominal stress, chest pains, and weakness in the knees. Sometimes you might even feel that you're going crazy, or worse, dying.

Panic or anxiety attacks have a lot of causes. Some causes are biological like genealogy, post traumatic stress disorder, hyperthyroidism and Vitamin B deficiency. Some people also experience symptoms of panic attacks as side effects of certain medication. Recurrent attacks are often triggered by a specific situation, like speaking in public, or getting in a crowded elevator.

Going to a physician or a psychiatrist will help you. Since the causes and symptoms of these attacks vary from person to person, it's very important to know exactly what you're going through. Sometimes just understanding the situation is a very big step towards coping with the problem. Some therapist would also recommend taking some medication to go with the therapy.

There are other more natural things coupled therapy and medication to help you cope. You can help yourself by avoiding substances that are known to contribute to panic attacks. Smoking and caffeine can provoke panic attacks in people who are susceptible. It's not realistic to just suddenly stop smoking or drinking coffee. Eat a balanced diet, and just cut back a little everyday until you realize that you can actually do without them. Getting a good night's sleep as often as you can will also help lower your stress level, thus lowering your risk of having an attack.

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How To Stop Panic Attacks When Driving – 7 Tips to Finally Stop Panic Attacks When Driving For Real

Panic attacks can happen for a variety of reasons. It can happen at any time of place without warning, leaving the sufferer confused and in great fear. Driving has been the most common reasons for many to experience a panic attack. Learning on how to stop panic attacks when driving with the following tips ensures to keep you safe on the road while maintaining a pleasanturable ride.

Many suffer a great deal of fear and experience a panic attack when driving due to the following reason:

  • Driving in an unknown vehicle
  • Driving in an unknown route
  • Caught in a traffic jam
  • The pressure to overtake or being overtaken
  • Driving through a narrow bridge
  • Driving through a tunnel
  • A certain tragic experience that could have most likely happened due to driving

The most important thing to remember about panic attacks when driving is that in any situation, they are unable to harm you in any way. It is just your body sending a wrong message, believing you may be in danger due to the high amount of accumulated tension and stress you have built around that situation. Therefore, believe that panic attacks are not here to harm you. Instead it is just part of your natural body mechanism that has something run out of the way.

When experiencing a panic attack, you head would most likely be raising a lot of negative questions or feedback. The best you can do is to stop analyzing the symptoms you may be experiencing. As you would most likely be confused yourself over the attack, do not allow your thoughts to turn the situation even worse.

Focus your attention away from your panic attack. Concentrate on the road, traffic or the environment outside of your car. Keep in mind that you would most probably still be driving and it takes a great deal of undivided attention from you to keep yourself out of any potential harm. Control yourself to avoid making any dangerous actions such as hitting the brakes all of the sudden or making a sharp turn towards the side.

Keep yourself compose and look out for a safe spot. If you manage to find one, pull over slowly and make sure that your car does not obstruct the traffic. When you are certain that it is safe, you have all the time now to calm yourself down from the attack.

Perform some deep breathing exercise. Roll down your windows of step out of your car to get some fresh air. Maintain a steady breathing pattern and if you are hyperventilating due to the lack of carbon dioxide, breathe into a paper bag. Feel every bit of your stress and tension pushing away with each exhale.

You would have most likely encountered a similar situation before. Keep reminding yourself how you had successful overcome the previous attack and so will this too. If you are new to this, keep repeating in your head that you know what you are going through and it is just probably a harmless panic attack. It will soon be over and you will continue moving forth towards your destination.

Once you had calmed, and am ready to head off, avoid thinking back what you had just walked through. This would only worsen you further and building up unnecessary fear for yourself. As mentioned, panic attack is a common experience that could happen to anyone regardless of age gender. Concentrate instead on other subject, preferably ones that are light hearted and bring out laughter.

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Prevent Panic Attacks – Eat Healthy

Panic attacks are becoming more and more common nowdays. Studies have shown a steady increase in the number of people suffering from panic attacks. But what exactly are panic attacks, and how do we cope with it? Read on and you'll find very helpful tips on how to manage them.

Panic or anxiety attacks are a sudden episode of unreasoning fear or panic. Some of its causes are heredity, as side effect of medication, or some life-changing event like having a baby, moving house, or losing or getting a new job. For example, a person who has been involved in a boating accident, when he or she was a child, may experience an attack whenever the need to ride a boat arises. Many attacks cause such severe physical symptoms that people go to the emergency room thinking that they are dying or having a heart attack. A panic attack feels very severe with both physical and mental symptoms. Some common physical symptoms include chest pain or discomfort, palpitations or accelerated heart rate, sweating, trembling or shaking, blurry vision, Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or flaw. Some people feel the sense of losing control or going insane, or of impending death. Even if some symptoms may be severe, it is important to point out that panic attacks are highly treatable.

We may not know it, but the food and drinks we take can make us more susceptible to panic attacks. The top three substances to avoid are alcohol, caffeine, and sugar. Too much alcohol take raises hyperactivity in the nervous system, and makes a person more irritable. High consumption of caffeine is another trigger of panic attacks. Caffeine can make you jittery, interrupt proper sleep, and negatively affect blood sugar and bone density. Most people think that drinking decaffeinated coffee is better than regular coffee, but the truth is, it is not. The biggest problem with decaffeinated coffee is that the process used to take out the caffeine creates chemicals such as chlorine, and these chemicals wind up in the coffee you think is so much healthier. If you want to avoid the caffeine eye but you do not want to give up coffee alike, look for decaffeinated coffee in health food stores that have an elementone alternative, healthier process. And last but not the least, sugar. Other than contributing to diabetes and obesity problems, high levels of sugar in our body greatly increases our risk of panic attacks. The problem is, sugar is almost in all the food and drinks we take in everyday. Now even nutrition experts do not expect us to suddenly stop taking in these substitutes and completely avoid them. Some individuals tend to have secondary triggers of anxiety when withdrawal from a substance is abrupt.

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Factors That Are Believed To Cause or Trigger a Panic Attack

When an individual suddenly experience an intense and overwhelming sense of urgency, fear or danger, he or she may be suffering from a panic attack, which can be triggered by a variety of emotional as well as psychological factors. When it comes to these attacks, there is no concrete scientific evidence which points to the causes of it. However, experts have discarded certain underlying conditions that help trigger the symptoms that are associated with these attacks. This article will tackle the six common factors that are believed to cause, or at least trigger, it.

It is believed that any traumatic life experience and the upbringing of an individual play a huge role when it comes to panic disorders. A person who has experienced a traumatic event in his life is likely to develop panic disorders in the future, especially if he or she has not come to terms with that particular incident. Children who are brought up in an unstable environment are also likely to develop panic disorders in the future. Life changing events like parents getting divorced or the death of a family member can seriously alter a child's psyche if it is not deal with appropriately, especially the young ones. This is where anxieties develop, and panic disorders are closely associated with any form of anxiety.

Another factor that could cause attacks is medical issues. Experts have discovered that there are certain medical conditions that are said to have these attacks as a symptom. This basically means that your panic disorders could have been a symptom of an under medical condition which you may have. Aside from medical conditions, gender is also considered a factor in determining the causes of it. Statistics have shown that women are fifty percent more likely to experience this compared to the male population.

Any existing phobias or fear of certain objects, animals, or situations is also considered as a triggering factor. An individual who is faced with his or her phobia is sure to have panic attacks. Since individuals that have an existing phobia or fear are already experiencing increased levels of anxiety, it actually does not take much stress to trigger full blown panic attacks. Medication is another factor that could cause panic attacks. There are certain types of medications that contain chemicals that may help cause panic disorders, just as there are some forms of medication that may have unpleasant side effects which can include the symptoms of panic attacks.

Finally, there is the family history, or genetics. Recent studies have shown that much like any other medical condition; panic disorders could also be affected by genetics. This basically means that if you have someone in your family who regularly suffers from a panic attack, you are more likely to suffer from the condition than individuals who may not have a history of anxiety or panic disorders. Just like diabetes, certain heart conditions, and some forms of cancer, panic disorders could also be a genetic predisposition.

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Reasons for Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Have you noticed that rainy days make you feel tired and dull, while sunny days brings out joy? We all know that every occurrence has a reason, like in this situation it may have a scientific reason because of insufficient exposure to sunlight that has been related with low levels of melatonin and serotonin, weight gain and sleep disorders.

Do not ignore that yearly feeling as a simple case of the blues because you may have a seasonal affective disorder. Seasonal affective disorder, which is also known as SAD, is a type of depression that is cyclic and seasonal, meaning that symptoms come back and go away at the same time every year.

It is also sometimes considered as a subtype of bipolar disorder. It can sometimes be difficult for a doctor to identify SAD because other types of depression may mimic SAD. Symptoms in SAD start in fall and continue into the winter months but less often in spring or early summer.

Studies show that SAD is diagnosed more in women than in men but men have more severe symptoms. It appears to be common among people who live far from the equator due to the decreased amount of sunlight during winter. It was also shown that people with it are more likely to have blood relatives with the condition. The disorder is classified as winter SAD, summer SAD and reverse SAD. A fall and winter version (winter depression) symptom includes depression, hopelessness, anxiety, oversleeping, loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed and appetite changes especially craving for carbohydrates. Spring and summer SAD (summer depression) symptoms include insomnia, irritability, agitation, weight loss, increased sex drive and poor appetite. Reverse SAD is a form of bipolar disorder and the symptoms are persistently elevated mood, increased social activity, and hyperactivity.

Researchers still do not know the cause of SAD in specific people. Some say that it is caused by genes, age and body's natural chemical. However, there are few factors, which may be to blame and this includes circadian rhythm (biological clock), melatonin levels and serotonin levels. The reduction of sunlight level in fall and winter interrupt the body's internal clock. The interruption of circadian rhythm could lead into depression. The seasonal change can lead to imbalance of the hormone melatonin. This plays an important role in patterns of sleep and mood. A drop in the level of the brain chemical, serotonin, could be partially responsible for SAD. The reduction of serotonin is caused by reduced exposure in sunlight and perpendicular leads to depression.

Just like in other mental health disorders, SAD has treatments. Treatment includes light therapy, medications and psychotherapy. Light therapy also known as phototherapy uses a device that gives bright and white light is considered the best form of treatment at this time. It mimics the outdoor light and appears to cause a change in brain chemicals associated to mood. This is because of the hormones stimulated by way of the retina in the eye. Some people with SAD prefer to use medication for treating it. Medication includes; bupropion, paroxetine, sertraline, fluoxetine and venlafaxine. Bupropion helps in preventing depressive episodes. Psychotherapy is another preference. It can help in identifying and changing negative thoughts and behaviors into positive ones. It also has a beneficial impact in a person because he also teaches a healthy way to cope with depression and manage stress.

Aside from the treatments, it is helpful to make your environment brighter and sunnier, take a long walk or soak up the sun and take exercise regularly. Physical exercise helps relieve stress and anxiety. Being fit makes you feel better and makes your mood lift. It is normal to have some days when you feel down but if you suffer a long time it is better to seek a doctor. It is a good idea to be well prepared in coming to a doctor so that you will not be afraid. Keep in mind that treatments may take several weeks to notice full benefits and not all medications have no side effects. It is better to choose an anti-depressant which has fewer side effects and remember about light therapy. It is better to talk to your doctor before buying the light therapy box to make sure you're getting a high-quality light box with the same type of light as the sunlight. In general, it's better to be more fit and have a healthy and nutritious diet to prevent any illness.

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